In the name of Allāh, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

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Ghusl, Kafn and Dafn

بِسۡمِ اللهِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِيۡمِ ​​

  1. The person who gives ghusl to the deceased is as cleansed of sins as a newborn child; and the person who dresses the deceased in a shroud will be dressed with the apparel of paradise by Allāh (). 

  2. The closest relatives of the deceased have the primary right to give ghusl to the deceased. The females relatives should give ghusl to the deceased female and the male relatives should give ghusl to the deceased male. 

  3. A widow can give ghusl to her deceased husband. But according to Ḥanafī fiqh the husband cannot give ghusl to his deceased wife nor touch her, the other fiqh allow it. 

  4. It is better that the person giving ghusl is in a state of wuḍūʾ

  5. A person in a state of janāba, a woman in a state of menstruation or post-childbirth should not give ghusl to the deceased. 

  6. Those involved in giving ghusl should know the methodology of giving ghusl

  7. Do not comb the hair of the deceased and do not pare the nails nor remove hair from anywhere. Let these remain as they are. 

  8. How to perform ghusl (Animation)
     

    How to perform ghusl (English) 

     

    How to perform ghusl (English)

     

    How to perform ghusl (Arabic)

     

    How to perform ghusl (Urdu)

     

    Detailed 2 day seminar on last rites here.

  9. The person who performs the ghusl it is desirable (mustaḥabb) for him/ her to take a bath after performing ghusl to the deceased. 
  10. If you accompany the janāza it is desirable (mustaḥabb) to follow it, riding in front of the janāza in any vehicle or conveyance is reprehensible (makrūh). 

  11. Praying to or repeating words in His remembrance loudly (duʿāʾ or dhikr) by people with the janāza is reprehensible (makrūh). 

  12. alāt-ul-janāza can be offered at any time due to necessity but not at sunrise, noon or sunset. There is great reward for offering alāt-ul-janāza

  13. Praying alāt-ul-janāza wearing shoes is permissible out of necessity provided that the shoes and the ground one is standing on are clean. Otherwise, one can take one’s feet out of the shoes and stand on top of the shoes in which case only the top of the shoes touching the feet needs to be clean. (Bahishti Gauhar, Imdadul-Aḥkam.) 

  14. In brief the 2 obligatory (farḍ) components of alaāt-ul-janāza are saying Allāh-Akbar 4 times and qiyām. The 3 Sunnah components of are praising of Allāh () (amd), reciting darūd and praying for the deceased. 

  15. Method of ṣalāt-ul-janāza (Ḥanafī fiqh) is: Niyyah, raising both hands saying Allāh-Akbar (1), fold hands, recite thana (surah Fatiha can be recited in addition), say Allāh-Akbar (2), recite darūd, say Allāh-Akbar (3), pray for deceased, Allāh-Akbar (4), release hands, say salām to both sides. 
    How to perform ṣalāt-ul-janāza (Ḥanafī fiqh)

     

    How to perform ṣalāt-ul-janāza (Shāfiʿī fiqh)

     
  16. The cost of all the funeral expenses should be paid out of the estate of the deceased. If someone is willing to pay for the expenses out of their free will, then that is perfectly all right.